Wednesday, June 30, 2010

Grandmaster of PSGFM

Tuan Haji Anuar bin Haji Abd. Wahab

Tuan Haji Anuar bin Haji Abd. Wahab AMN was a grandmaster of Seni Gayung Fatani who, during his time, revolutionized the teaching and practice of silat in Malaysia.

Tuan Haji Anuar bin Haji Abdul Wahab AMN
Born Anuar bin Abdul Wahab
23 December 1945
Bagan Tunjang, Sabak Bernam in Selangor, Malaysia
Died 10 March 2009
Hospital Kajang, Kajang Selangor, Malaysia
Residence Taman Mesra, Kajang
Nationality Malaysian
Other names Cikgu Anuar
Occupation Grandmaster of PSGFM
Known for Master of silat
Title Tuan, Pendita
Religion islam
Grandmaster Seni Gayung Fatani PCS
Was awarded the title Ahli Mangku Negara which carries the title (suffix) AMN

Involvement in silat

Tested before becoming Grandmaster
Tuan Haji Anuar (middle) & his teachers

Since 1957, he has studied several silat styles such as Silat Harimau, Silat Cekak, Silat Sendeng, Silat Kuntau Betawi, and Seni Silat Helang Sewah at Kampung Kota Hutan Melintang,Perak from members of his family with the exception of Kuntau Cimande which was not taught to him by members of his family. In 1965, Tn. Hj. Anuar bin Haji Abdul Wahab learned Seni silat gayung fatani in Sabak Bernam, Selangor. The year 1976 marked his foundation of the Pertubuhan Seni Gayung Fatani Malaysia as chairman and Grandmaster. In 1983, through the efforts of Tn. Hj. Anuar bin Abdul Wahab PSGFM became a founding member of Persekutuan Silat Kebangsaan Malaysia (PESAKA).

Involvement in PESAKA

Tn. Hj. Anuar at the Eastern Zone Silat Olahraga course in 1984

Became an Ahli Dewan Perguruan Persekutuan Silat Kebangsaan Malaysia (PESAKA) and an Ahli Dewan Perguruan Pesaka Selangor. Tn. Hj. Anuar bin Abdul Wahab founded Silat Olahraga by holding National and State Silat Olahraga Coaches and Referee Jury courses since 1984-2004. He also founded Silat Seni by holding National and State-level Silat Seni Coaches and Referee Jury courses since 1995.

PESAKA, National Silat Federation of Malaysia

He planned and executed the Kursus Muzik Silat Baku Malaysia (and was Judge for Pergendangan Silat (Muzik Silat Baku Malaysia) in Kedah 2002-2004), Kursus Jurulatih dan Hakim Silat Seni Sekolah-sekolah Malaysia which was a course for coaches, referees and jury on the Malaysian school level at Maktab Teknik Kuala Lumpur. He founded, put together and conveyed the Curriculum for Seni Silat Malaysia since 2002 on national, state and organizational levels. Became the Technical Chairman of the World Silat Championships Kuala Lumpur 1987 and Technical Chairman of the 14th SEA Games Kuala Lumpur .

Developing Silat at School-level

Tn. Hj. Anuar at his home in 2004
Gayung Fatani overall champions

Held the position of Technical Chairman of the first National Secondary Schools’ Silat Championship Kuala Lumpur. Held courses for state and national-level Silat Seni judges. He also held silat classes in primary and secondary schools in Malaysian states and engaged himself in school silat programs. Those who were exponents since at school and were trained until they became national athletes have produced gold medals as well as national and international level trainers. He developed Silat at school-level by creating a curriculum for the clear and concise execution of silat education at school level.

Developing Silat at an International Level

Tn. Hj. Anuar (middle, standing) at Paris

He held the position of secretary to the sponsorship of the formation of Persekutuan Silat Antarabangsa (PERSILAT) 1979 in Jakarta,Indonesia. He has also provided training to silat coaches from several nations such as Austria,Switzerland,france,norway,romania,morocco and Germany to expand silat in their home countries. Also by aiding and holding seminars and workshops at international level such as in countries like and North Korea. He also formed the Jurus Wajib for the Persekutuan Silat Antarabangsa (PERSILAT) in 1996. Tn. Hj. Anuar bin Haji Abdul Wahab trained the national teams of Thailand and Vietnam and developed the PERSILAT Council of Silat Seni, Beladiri and Silat Olahraga Judges.

Literary works

  • Silat Olahraga, “Kuala Lumpur, Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka 1987”
  • Teknik dalam Seni Silat Melayu, “Kuala Lumpur, Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka”
  • Silat Curriculum, Teaching Plans and Silat Evaluation Exams for the Ministry of Culture, Arts and Heritage Malaysia and the Ministry of Education Malaysia with the co-operation of Persekutuan Silat Malaysia (PESAKA).
  • "SILAT" which contains elaborations on the Silat Teaching Plan based on the Seni Silat Malaysia Curriculum for the reference of silat coaches and exponents.

Seni Silat Gayung Fatani

Seni Gayung Fatani

Seni Gayung Fatani is a style of silat from northern Malaysia . Because of its artistic appearance, it is often mistaken for a dance. The steps and hand movements all have combat applications and are meant to lock or disable the opponent. The current grandmaster is Tuan Haji Anuar from the Pertubuhan Seni Gayung Fatani Malaysia (PSGFM).

In Malay, the word seni means art and gayung or gayong is a word for martial arts synonymous with silat . Fatani means wise in Arabic and was chosen because of its similarity to Patani, the kingdom from where the art originated.

Seni Gayung Fatani originated in pattani, a state of southern Thailand. It was first brought to Kedah, Malaysia in 1840 by Syeikh Abdul Rahman. The style was expanded upon by his son Tok Yah Ramli. Another student from Syeikh Abd. Rahman was Pak Teh Mat Ali who taught this style to Pak Andak Embong. When it was registered in 1976 as an association under the Government's Club Act, the name was formalized to Seni Gayung Fatani.

Seni Gayung Fatani in Jawi calligraphy

Seni Silat Gayung Fatani
Emblem of the Malaysian Seni Gayung Fatani Association
Also known as Gayung Patani, Gayung Fatani, Silat Gayung Patani
Focus Trapping
Country of origin Malaysia Malaysia
Famous practitioners Tuan Haji Anuar bin Haji Abd. Wahab
Parenthood Silat Pattani
Olympic sport No
Official website

Silat Malaysia, Pusat Cemerlang Silat Malaysia


Silat Pulut

Silat pulut performance

Silat pulut is a sport that utilizes agility in attacking and defending oneself. In this exercise, the two partners begin some distance apart and perform freestyle movements while trying to match the each other's flow. One attacks when they notice an opening in the opponent's defences. Without interfering with the direction of force, the defender then parries and counterattacks. The other partner follows by parrying and attacking. This would go on with both partners disabling and counter-attacking their opponent with locking, grappling and other techniques. Contact between the partners is generally kept light but faster and stronger attacks may be agreed upon beforehand. In another variation which is also found in china, the initial attack is parried and then the defender applies a lock on the attacker. The attacker follows the flow of the lock and escapes it while putting a lock on the opponent. Both partners go from lock to lock until one is incapable of escaping or countering.

This game is called silat pulut or gayong pulut because after a performance each player is gifted with bunga telur and sticky rice or pulut. Silat pulut is held during leisure time, the completion of silat instruction, official events, weddings or festivals where it is accompanied by the rhythm of silat drums or "silat baku music".

The British colonists introduced western training systems by incorporating the police and sepoys (soldiers who were local citizens) to handle the nation's defence forces which at that time, was receiving opposition from former Malay fighters. Consequently, silat teachers were very cautious in letting their art become apparent because the colonists had experience in fighting Malay warriors. This silat pulut provided an avenue for exponents to hone their skills without giving themselves away.

Despite its satirical appearance, silat pulut actually enables students to learn moves and their applications without having to be taught set techniques. Partners who frequently practice together can exchange hard blows without injuring each other by adhering to the principle of not meeting force with force. What starts off as a matching of striking movements is usually followed by successions of locks and may end in groundwork, a pattern that is echoed in the modern mixed martial Arts

Saturday, June 26, 2010